Models of Multiplicity, Ego States and Multi personality models including extracts from bibliographies by:

(1) Schwartz, Richard C. (1995) Internal family systems therapy (The Guilford family therapy series) ISBN 0-89862-273-5.  The Guilford Press 72 Spring Street, New York, NY 10012


(2) Watkins, J., & Watkins, H. (1982). Ego state therapy.

This list of publications goes back to the early 1930's and shows that by the 1970's there was clear recognition of the existence of inner selves, if not as functional protectors then at least as separate sub-personalities or  ego states. This bibliography includes most of Schwartz’ and Watkins’ lists (which are almost identical) with some later additions including my own. Please e-mail me if you have further titles or authors to add.....

Internal family systems therapy by Schwartz is excellent reading. Schwartz uses different terms (for example what we call selves he calls   'parts'; our disowned selves are his  'exiles' and his concept of a energy that equates somewhat to the aware ego is described as  'the higher self') Apart from that, he could be writing about the psychology of the selves as we know it and his explanations have contributed a great deal to my understanding of what makes it all 'tick' .
Hal and Sidra Stone have of course have added so much more in terms of energy work, especially personal and impersonal energies and the spiritual dimension but Schwartz (and the Watkins) offer guidance  towards  a clinical understanding of what goes on behind the scenes.

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Assagioli, R. (1973). The act of will. New York: Penguin Books.

Assagioli, R. (1975). Psychosynthesis: A manual of principles and techniques. London: Turnstone Press. (Original work published 1965)

Bandler, J., & Grinder, R. (1982). Reframing. Moab, UT: Real People Press.

Beahrs, J. O. (1982). Unity and multiplicity. New York: Brunner/Mazel.

Berne, E. (1961). Transactional analysis in psychotherapy. New York: Grove Press.

Berne, E. (1972). What do you say after you say hello? New York: Grove Press.

Bliss, E. L. (1986). Multiple personality, allied disorders; and hypnosis. New York: Oxford University Press.

Breunlin, D., Schwartz, R. C., & Mac Kune-Karrer, B. (1992). Metaframeworks: Transcending the models of family therapy. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1990). Flow: The psychology of optimal experience. New York: Harper & Row.

Federn, P. (1952). Ego psychology and the psychoses. New York: Basic Books.

Ferrucci, P. (1982). What we may be. Los Angeles: J. P. Tarcher.

Freud, S. (1961). The ego and the id. In J. Strachey (Ed. and Trans.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (Vol. 19). London: Hogarth Press. (Original work published 1923)

Freud, S. (1964). Splitting of the ego in the process of defence. In J. Strachey (Ed. and Trans.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (Vol. 23). London: Hogarth Press. (Original work published 1940)

Gazzaniga, M. (1985). The social brain. New York: Basic Books.

Goulding, R., & Schwartz, R. C. (in press). Mosaic mind: Empowering the tormented selves of child abuse survivors. New York: W. W. Norton.

Hesse, H. (1975). Treatise on the Stebpenwolf Q. Bradac, Trans.). London: Wildwood House. (Original work published 1927)

Hannah, B. (1981). Encounters with the soul: Active imagination as developed by C. G. Jung. Boston: Sigo Press.

Harner, M. (1990). The way of the shaman. San Francisco: HarperCollins.

Hillman, J. (1975). Re-visioning psychology. New York: Harper & Row.

Hofstadter, D. (1986). Metamagical themas. New York: Bantam Books.

Ingerman, S. (1991). Soul retrieval: Mending the fragmented self. San Francisco: HarperCollins.

Johnson, R. (1986). Inner work: Using dreams and active imagination for personal growth. San Francisco: Harper & Row.

Jung, C. G. (1956). Two essays on analytical psychology. Cleveland, OH: Meridian.

Jung, C. G. (1962). Memories, dreams, reflections (A. Jaff~, Ed.; R. Winston & C. Winston, Trans.). New York: Pantheon Books.

Jung, C. G. (1969). The collected works of C. G. Jung (2nd ed ): Vol. 8, Part 1. The structure and dynamics of the psyche (H. Read, M. Fordham, & G. Adler, Eds.; R. F. C. Hull, Trans.). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Jung, C. G. (1971). The collected works of C. G. Jung (2nd ed ): Vol. 9, Part 1. The archetypes and the collective unconscious (H. Read, M. Fordham, & G. Adler, Eds.; R. F. C. Hull, Trans.). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Marineau René (1989) Jacob Levy Moreno, 1889-1974 : father of psychodrama, sociometry, and group psychotherapy  New York : Tavistock/Routledge, . ISBN: 0415043832 0415041104

Markus, H., & Nurius, P. (1987). Possible selves: The interface between motivation and the self-concept. In K. Yardley & T. Honess (Eds.), Self and identity: Psychosocial perspectives. Chichester, England: Wiley.

Miller, A. (1981). The drama of the gifted child. New York: Basic Books.

Minsky, M. (1986). The society of mind. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Moreno Jacob  (1931)  "Application of the Group Method to Classification."  (Moreno is recognised as the developer of the concept of psychodrama)

Napier, N. (1990). Recreating yourself - Help for adult children of dysfunctional families. New York: W. W. Norton.

Napier, N. (1993). Getting through the day: Strategies for adults hurt as children. New York: W. W. Norton.

Nutting, J.B. (1999) Growing Awareness – the key to balancing your life. Brisbane. Growing Awareness Pty Ltd.

O'Connor, E. (1971). Our many selves: A handbook for self discovery. New York: Harper & Row.

Ornstein, R. (1986). Multiminds: A new way to look at human behavior. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Perls, F. (1969). Gestalt therapy verbatim. Moab, UT: Real People Press.

Putnam, F. W. (1989). Diagnosis and treatment of multiple personality disorder. New York: Guilford Press.

Redfern, J. (1985). My self, my many selves. London: Academic Press.

Rowan, J. (1990). Subpersonalities: The people inside us. London: Routledge.

Satir, V (1978). Your many faces. Berkeley, CA: Celestial Arts.

Satir, V., & Baldwin, M. (1983). Satir step by step. Palo Alto, CA: Science & Behavior Books.

Schwartz, R. C. (1987). Our multiple selves. Family Therapy Networker, 11, 25-31, 80-83.

Schwartz, R. C. (1988). Know thy selves. Family Therapy Networker, 12, 21--29.

Schwartz, R C. (1992). Rescuing the exiles. Family Therapy Networker, 16, 33-37, 75.

Schwartz, R. C. (1993, Winter). Constructionism, sex abuse, and the self. American Family Therapy Academy Newsletter, pp. 6-10

Schwartz, Richard C. (1995) Internal family systems therapy (The Guilford family therapy series) ISBN 0-89862-273-5.   New York; Guilford Press

Sliker, G. (1992). Multiple mind. Boston: Shambala Press.

Stone, H., & Stone, S. (1993). Embracing your inner critic. San Francisco: Harper Collins.

Stone, H., & Winkelman, S. (1985). Embracing ourselves. Marina del Rey, CA: Devross.

Stone, H., & Winkelman, S. (1989). Embracing each other. San Rafael, CA: New World Library.

Stone, H., & Stone, S. (2000). Partnering . San Francisco: Harper Collins.

Varela, F., Thompson, E., & Rosch, E. (1991). The embodied mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Watanabe, S. (1986). Cast of characters work: Systematically exploring the naturally organized personality. Contemporary Family Therapy, 8, 75-83.

Watkins, J. (1978). The therapeutic self. New York: Human Sciences Press.

Watkins, J., & Johnson, R. J. (1982). We, the divided self. New York: Irvington.

Watkins, J., & Watkins, H. (1979). Ego states and hidden observers. Journal of Altered States of Consciousness, 5, 3-18.

Watkins, J., & Watkin, H. (1982). Ego state therapy. In L. E. Abt & I. R. Stuart (Eds.). The newer therapies: A sourcebook. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Watkins, M. (1986). Invisible guests: The development of imaginal dialogues. Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press.

Wright, R. (1986, March-April). A better mental model. The Sciences, pp. 26-28.

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